BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS CONCERNING AIR SERVICES
(London, December 19, 1957)
The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
Desiring to conclude an Agreement for the purpose of establishing air services between London and Moscow,
Have agreed as follows:
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed the present Agreement.
Done in duplicate at London this 19th day of December, 1957, in the English and Russian languages both texts being equally authoritative.
(1) The Exchange of Notes was effected on March 24, 1959.
1. The Conntracting Parties undertake to take all necessary measures to ensure the safe and efficient operations of the agreed services. For this purpose each Conntracting Party shall provide for the aircraft of the airline designated by the other Conntracting Party all radio, lighting, technical, meteorological and other sevices necessary to operate the agreed services.
2. The information and assistance provided in accordance with the terms of this Annex by each Conntracting Party shall be sufficient to meet the reasonable requirements of the airline designated by the other Conntracting Party.
Provision of Information
3. The information to be provided by each Contracting Party shall include particulars of the main and alternate aerodromes to be used for the agreed services, the routes to be followed within the territory of that Contracting Party, the radio and other navigational aids available, and other Air Traffic Control facilities and procedures.
4. The information shall also include relevant meteorological information to be provided both before and during flights on the agreed services. The aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Party shall notify each other of the codes to be used for the transmission of meteorological information, and shall agree appropriate meteorological forecast periods, taking into account the schedules established for the agreed services.
5. The aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties shall supply a continuous service for keeping up to date the information provided in accordance with paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Annex, and for providing immediate warning of any changes. This shall be done by means of a service of NOTAMS transmitted either by teleprinter, with later printed confirmation where applicable, or in print only, provided that sufficient advance notice can be given to the addressee. NOTAMS sent by teleprinter will be transmitted in the international NOTAM code; printed NOTAMS will be supplied in the Englidh language.
6. The exchange of information by NOTAMS shall commence as soon as possible, and in any case at least two months before the starting date of regular flights on the agreed services.
Flight Planning and Air Traffic Control Procedure
7. The crews of aircraft used on the agreed services by the airline desiganted by one Contracting Party shall be fully conversant with the Air Traffic Control procedures used by the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party.
8. The aeronautical authorities of each Contracting Party shall supply before each flight to the crews of aircraft of the airline designated by the other Contracting Party both a written statement and supplementary verbal information about conditions on the route. This pre-flight information shall include information about the state of aerodromes and aids to navigation necessary for the execution of the flight, together with statements of the actual weather on the whole route and at the destination and forecasts of weather at the destination.
9. Before each flight, the commander of the aircraft shall submit a flight plan to be approved by the Air Traffic Control authorities in the country from which the flight is starting. The flight shall be carried out in accordance with the approved plan. No change shall be made in the flight plan except with the permission of the appropriate Air Traffic Control authorities, except in cases of emergency requiring immediate action; in such cases the appropriate Air Traffic Control authorities shall be informed as soon as possible of the change in the flight plan.
10. The commander of the aircraft shall ensure the maintenance of a continuous watch on the radio frequencies of the appropriate Air Traffic Control authorities and a readiness to transmit immediately on the frequencies of those authorities.
11. Unless otherwise agreed between the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties, communication between aircraft and Air Traffic Control authorities shall be carried out by radio telephone in Russian when working with stations in the Soviet Union and in English when working with stations in the United Kingdom. If communication by radio telephone is impossible, radio telegraphy shall be employed using the international Q code, provided that this is acceptable to the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Party concerned.
Equipment of Aircraft
12. The aircraft used on the agreed services by the airline designated by each Contracting Party shall be equipped to use ILS and one or more appropriate navigational aids which are available in the territory of the other Contracting Party.
13. The aircraft used on the agreed services shall be equiped with the appropriate radio frequencies both for communications and for navigational and approach aids.
14. In principle, for the purposes specified in this Annex, the standards, procedures and codes established or recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (and where appropriate the World Meteorological Organisation) shall be adopted.
15. For the purpose of exchanging the information which is essential for the operation of the agreed services, including the transmission of NOTAMS, and for Ait Traffic Control purposes, the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties shall:
(a) establish a teleprinter connection between London and Moscow;
(b) if this is agreed to be necessary, establish a direct 2-way radio circuit between London and Moscow; this circuit may also be used for the exchange of information between the airlines of the Contracting Parties with a view to ensuring the regular and satisfactory operation of the agreed services.
16. The airlines designated by the Contracting Parties shall each be entitled to operate five proving flights, or as many more as may be agreed between the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties, in advance of the opening of a regular scheduled service. Fare-paying passengers shall not be carried on these flights.
17. Charges for aerodrome facilities in the territory of each Contracting Party shall be paid by the airline designated by the other Contracting Party in accordance with the scale of charges officially established by the first Contracting Party.
18. The airline designated by either Contracting Party shall, if as a result of noise measurements carried out by the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party these measures are required in order to reduce aircraft noise to an acceptable level:
(a) carry out any modification that may be necessary for this purpose to the aircraft to be used on the agreed services;
(b) provide any mufflers or other devices required for this purpose for use during ground running at airports in the territory of the other Contracting Party to which the aircraft are to operate regularly;
(c) employ such operating techniques or procedures as may be reasonably required by the other Contracting Party.