Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 28 May, 1999)

Authentic text

(Montreal, 28 May, 1999)

The states parties to this convention

Recognizing the significant contribution of the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air signed in Warsaw on 12 October 1929, hereinafter referred to as the "Warsaw Convention", and other related instruments to the harmonization of private international air law;

Recognizing the need to modernize and consolidate the Warsaw Convention and related instruments;

Recognizing the importance of ensuring protection of the interests of consumers in international carriage by air and the need for equitable compensation based on the principle of restitution;

Reaffirming the desirability of an orderly development of international air transport operations and the smooth flow of passengers, baggage and cargo in accordance with the principles and objectives of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, done at Chicago on 7 December 1944;

Convinced that collective State action for further harmonization and codification of certain rules governing international carriage by air through a new Convention is the most adequate means of achieving an equitable balance of interests;

Have agreed as follows:

Done at Montreal on the 28th day of May of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine in the English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish languages, all texts being equally authentic. This Convention shall remain deposited in the archives of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and certified copies thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary to all state-parties to this Convention, as well as to all state-parties to the Warsaw Convention, the Hague Protocol, the Guadalajara Convention, the Guatemala City Protocol, and the Montreal Protocols.