Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Japan for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (Tokyo, 12 May, 2009)

Authentic text

AGREEMENT
BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN FOR COOPERATION IN THE PEACEFUL USES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY
(Tokyo, 12 May, 2009)

The Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Japan (hereinafter referred to as "the Parties");

Desiring to strengthen the friendly relations existing between the Russian Federation and Japan;

Being convinced that expanding cooperation between the Russian Federation and Japan in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy will contribute to the furtherance of friendship and mutual understanding;

Desiring to continue to cooperate in the development of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy;

Considering the close cooperation between the Russian Federation and Japan in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy under the Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of Japan for Cooperation in the Field of the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, done on April 18, 1991 (hereinafter referred to as "the Agreement of 1991");

Mindful that both the Russian Federation and Japan are parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done on July 1, 1968 (hereinafter referred to as "the Non-Proliferation Treaty");

Recognizing that both the Russian Federation and Japan are members of the International Atomic Energy Agency;

Recognizing also the advantages to both countries of effective cooperation in the development of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy; and

Desiring to establish conditions consistent with their commitment to nuclear non-proliferation under which cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between the Russian Federation and Japan can be carried out;

Have agreed as follows:

Done at Tokyo on the twelfth day of May, 2009, in duplicate, in the Russian, Japanese and English languages, all texts being equally authentic. In case of any divergence of interpretation, the interpretation shall be made in accordance with the English text.

For the Government

For the Government

of the Russian Federation

of Japan

Annex A

Part A

1. Deuterium and heavy water:

Deuterium, heavy water (deuterium oxide) and any other deuterium compound in which the ratio of deuterium to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1:5000 for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 of Part B below, in quantities exceeding 200 kg of deuterium atoms in any period of 12 months.

2. Nuclear grade graphite:

Graphite having a purity level better than 5 parts per million boron equivalent and with a density greater than 1.50 for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 of Part B below, in quantities exceeding 30 metric tons in any period of 12 months.

Part B

1. Complete nuclear reactors:

Nuclear reactors capable of operation so as to maintain a controlled self-sustaining fission chain reaction, excluding zero energy reactors, the latter being defined as reactors with a designed maximum rate of production of plutonium not exceeding 100 grams per year.

2. Nuclear reactor vessels:

Metal vessels, or major shop-fabricated parts therefor, especially designed or prepared to contain the core of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above, as well as relevant nuclear reactor internals as defined in paragraph 8 below.

3. Nuclear reactor fuel charging and discharging machines:

Manipulative equipment especially designed or prepared for inserting or removing fuel in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above.

4. Nuclear reactor control rods and equipment:

Especially designed or prepared rods, support or suspension structures therefor, rod drive mechanisms or rod guide tubes to control the fission process in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above.

5. Nuclear reactor pressure tubes:

Tubes which are especially designed or prepared to contain fuel elements and the primary coolant in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above at an operating pressure in excess of 50 atmospheres.

6. Zirconium tubes:

Zirconium metal and alloys in the form of tubes or assemblies of tubes, and in quantities exceeding 500 kg in any period of 12 months, especially designed or prepared for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above, and in which the relation of hamium to zirconium is less than 1:500 parts by weight.

7. Primary coolant pumps:

Pumps especially designed or prepared for circulating the primary coolant for a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above.

8. Nuclear reactor internals:

Nuclear reactor internals especially designed or prepared for use in a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above, including support columns for the core, fuel channels, thermal shields, baffles, core grid plates and diffuser plates.

9. Heat exchangers:

Heat exchangers (steam generators) especially designed or prepared for use in the primary coolant circuit of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above.

10. Neutron detection and measuring instruments:

Especially designed or prepared neutron detection and measuring instruments for determining neutron flux levels within the core of a nuclear reactor as defined in paragraph 1 above.

11. Plants for the fabrication of nuclear reactor fuel elements, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor.

12. Plants for the conversion of uranium and plutonium for use in the fabrication of fuel elements and the separation of uranium isotopes, and equipment especially designed or prepared therefor.