-

26 2012 . N 362 " " "

:

9 2016 ., 10 2017 .

71 19 1997. N60- " " ( , 1997, N12, .1383; 1999, N28, .3483; 2004, N35, .3607, N45, .4377; 2005, N13, .1078; 2006, N30, .3290, 3291; 2007, N1 (. I), .29, N27, .3213, N46, .5554, N49, .6075, N50, .6239, 6244, 6245; 2008, N29 (. I), .3418, N30 (. II), .3616; 2009, N1, .17, N29, .3616; 2010, N30, .4014; 2011, N7, .901, N15, .2019, 2023, 2024, N30 (. I), .4590, N48, .6733; N50, .7351; 2012, N25, .3268, N31, .4318), :

1. " ".

2. 14 2007. N109 " " " ( 6 2007., N10627) .

..

9 2013.
N28047


" "
(. 26 2012. N362)

:

9 2016 ., 10 2017 .

:

.

I.

1.1. " " ( - ) , , 10 " " , , PANS ATM Doc 4444, ( - ) ( ) ( - ) , , , .

1.2. , , , .

1.3. , , , .

II.

2.1. , ( - ) , , , - () ().

2.1.1. , , , "-" . .

2.1.2. , , , .. (: ILS, QNH, RVR).

2.1.3. , () () (-), -, , , - ( ).

-, -.

2.1.4. :

, , ;

, 100 ;

;

() .

2.1.5. () ().

2.2. , , , , , , :

Alfa (Alpha)

Bravo

Charlie

D

Delta

Echo

F

Foxtrot

G

Golf

Hotel

X

I

India

J

Juliett

Kilo

L

Lima

Mike

N

November

O

Oscar

Papa

Q

Quebec

R

Romeo

S

Sierra

T

Tango

U

Uniform

V

Victor

W

Whiskey

X

X-ray

Y

Yankee

Z

Zulu

2.3. .

( , ) , 100 , 100 .

2.3.1. :

( )

1

2

3

0

Zero

( )

1

One

yAH

2

Two

3

Three

4

Four

5

Five

6

Six

7

Seven

8

Eight

9

Nine

Decimal

Hundred

Thousand

2.3.2. , , 2.3.3 .

2.3.3. , , (RVR), , , , , , HUNDRED THOUSAND.

, , THOUSAND, , HUNDRED.

HUNDRED, : FLIGHT LEVEL ONE HUNDRED.

2.3.4. - , , , .

2.4. . , , .

2.4.1. - (UTC).

2.4.2. ( ) . .

:

9 2016. N343 2.5

.

2.5. , , , :

/

/

1

2

3

ACKNOWLEDGE

,

AFFIRM

,

APPROVED

BREAK

.

,

BREAK BREAK

,

CANCEL

CHECK

. (, , .)

CLEARED

CONFIRM

(, , , )

CONTACT

...

CORRECT

"" ""

CORRECTION

( ) . ...

DISREGARD

HOW DO YOU READ

?

I SAY AGAIN

,

MAINTAIN

, " () ( )"

MONITOR

NEGATIVE

"", " ", " "

OUT

. " "

READ BACK

,

,

RECLEARED

,

REPORT

...

REQUEST

" ..." " ..."

ROGER

. , "" () ()

SAY AGAIN

SPEAK SLOWER

STANDBY

, .

, , , .

""

,

UNABLE

, .

WILCO

" "

,

WORDS TWICE

) :

. .

) :

,

PASS YOUR MESSAGE

. ,

POSITION

: , ? :

"" . :

- " " "Unable to approve" - , , "Unable to approve, snow removal in progress, expect one hour delay" - " , , ";

- " " - "go around, runway is occupied)) - " , ";

- " " - - "" - "stand by" -"Give way to MiG-29 and follow him" - " -29 ".

2.6. ( ) , , :

1

2

3

( )

CONTROL

(), (, )

APPROACH

()

ARRIVAL

()

DEPARTURE

TOWER

( )

GROUND

DELIVERY

,

PRECISION

INFORMATION

APRON

DISPATCH

RADIO

(), ()

RADAR

(), (), ()

START

HOMER

(), ()

CONTROL

2.6.1. ( ) ( ) .

2.6.2. , , ( ) .

2.7. :

:

) () ( ) (: -325);

) , , (: 86535);

:

9 2016. N343 ""

.

) (-) , , (: G-ABCD);

:

9 2016. N343 ""

.

) - (-) (: F-KYRS);

- (-) , , .

:

9 2016. N343 2.7.1

.

2.7.1. :

(: 86534) (: 534);

(-) (: G-F2CD MD9TFD F-KYRS) (: G-CD M-FD -RS).

2.7.2. , ( ) , . , () .

2.7.3. , ( ) (: -325), .

2.7.4. , .

2.8. , , .

:

BAW711

Speedbird

SEVEN ONE ONE

AFR504

Air France

FIVE ZERO FOUR

2.8.1. , , .

:

DOB 9321

DELTA OSCAR

BRAVO NINE

THREE TWO ONE

OAL 242

OSCAR ALFA LIMA

TWO FOUR TWO

:

9 2016. N343 2.9

.

2.9. :

- ; ;

- ; ;

- ;

(, , )

- /; , "";

- /; /.;

()

- /; ;

- /;

() ( )

- .;

( )

- .;

- ;

- ;

( )

- , ;

- . . ., ;

- . ();

- ;

()

- .;

- .

2.9.1. , , .

2.10. " - ", , :

) ;

) "" , ;

) , , ;

) , , ;

) .

:

() ;

; (, ..).

:

() ;

() .

2.10.1. , , , .

2.10.2. , , () , .

. .

2.10.3. () , , , .

2.10.4. . , , , .

, , . . . () .

2.10.5. 200 , 200 , , .

2.10.6. , , .

2.11. () , .

2.11.1. , .

2.11.2. , .

2.11.3. , , , .

2.12. , , , , 2.12.2 .

, , .

2.12.1. , , 30 , , , 2.12.2 .

( ) .

2.12.2. , ( ), " ( )". () . , .

" ( )" , , , , .

" ( )" () , .

() , .

.

2.12.3. , 2.12 2.12.1 , :

) ;

) ;

) ;

) , , ;

) .

2.12.4. , "" 2.12.3 , , , , , , .

" - ".

2.12.5. , , . " - " , .

2.12.6. ( - ) , ( ) .

2.12.7. ( "" 2.12.3 ) , .

, , , .

2.13. , ( ).

2.13.1. :

) ;

) , , , , ;

) , , , , , , ;

) () ().

2.13.2. , , , , .

2.13.3. , "" (" "), .

2.13.4. , , , , " " (" "), .

2.13.5. () , , .

2.14. , " ", , .

2.14.1. , " , ".

2.14.2. , .

2.14.3. , "". , : " ... ( , )"; "... ( ) ... ( )"; " ... ( , )".

2.14.4. , "", .

2.15. , .

2.15.1. ( ), 10 . (, , ..) .

2.15.2. - () :

:

;

() ;

:

" " ( );

" " ( );

" " ( , ).

:

() ;

;

.

2.15.3. :

1 - ;

2 - ;

3 - , ;

4 - ;

5 - .

III.

3.1. :

) - , () ;

) - , , .

3.1.1. "MAYDAY" ("") "PAN PAN" (" ") , .

, , .

, , , , , .

3.1.2. , , .

3.1.3. , , , .

3.1.4. , , .

121,5, - 2182 4125.

/ .

.

3.1.5. , , , .

3.1.6. , , , :

"" - , ;

, ;

, ;

;

;

, () ;

.

3.1.7. , , , :

" " - , ;

, ;

;

;

;

, () ;

.

3.2. , 2.11.3 . , .

3.2.1. , , " ".

3.2.2. , , , " ". . , .

3.3. () , , , , :

) , , ;

) () .

3.3.1. , 3.3 , , "" , , , , (), , , .

3.3.2. () , , .

3.4. , 121,5.

3.4.1. , , () .

3.5. , (), , () , . , .

3.6. , , , , .

() , , , , , , " ".

3.6.1. , , , .

IV.

:

10 2017. N182 4.1

.

4.1. , , / ( - ).

, , , , .

4.2. , , .

4.3. , , :

"" - (1, 2, 3 ..), , ;

"" (N) - ;

"" (N) - ( );

"" (N) - ;

"" (N) - ();

"" (N) - ();

"" (N) - ();

"" (N) - () ;

"" (N) - ;

"" (N) - .

4.4. , , , .

4.5. , , .

4.5.1. , "". , , .

4.5.2. , .

4.5.3. .

4.6. . .

4.6.1. , , , .

4.6.2. .

4.6.3. , , .

V.

5.1. , , . . , , , . "" .

, , , .. , .

, , , , . , , , .

. , , , , .

5.2. . , ( ) , , .

( , ) /.

( , , ).

, .

5.3. , , .

5.4. ( - RVSM) , "" RVSM, "" 1.1.12 :

) RVSM;

) ;

) .

5.5. RVSM.

5.6. , : " " " ", , () , , .

, - , / .

:

) ;

) ;

) , :

" - 575, -54, ".

, , , , - .

5.7. , .

5.8. , , , (: , ..) - , .

, .

:

9 2016. N343

.


:

9 2016.

1.1.

Phraseologies

1.1.1 ( "()")

) ();

a) FLIGHT LEVEL (number); or

) () ;

) (number) METRES; or

) () .

) (number) FEET.

1.1.2. ,

) ( );

:

a) CLIMB (or DESCEND);

followed as necessary by:

1)

1) TO (level);

... ( )

2) ( , ) () ()

2) TO AND MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) TO (level)

3) () ( ) ( );

3) TO REACH (level) AT (or BY) (time or significant point);

4) ( , ) ();

4) REPORT LEAVING (or REACHING, or PASSING) (level);

5) () ( ) [ ( )];

5) AT (number) METRES PER SECOND (or FEET PER MINUTE) [MINIMUM (or MAXIMUM)];

...

(CTC)

6) ( ).

6) REPORT STARTING ACCELERATION (or DECELERATION).

... () SID

) [ SID ()] ()

) [CLIMB VIA SID TO (level)], CANCEL LEVEL RESTRICTION(S)

) ( , ), , () ( ) ( ) ( );

) MAINTAIN AT LEAST (number) METRES (or FEET) ABOVE (or BELOW) (aircraft call sign).

... () () SID

) [ SID ()] () ( ())

bb) [CLIMB VIA SID TO (level)], CANCEL LEVEL RESTRICTION(S) AT (point(s))

) (

) ( ) [ ( )];

) REQUEST LEVEL (or FLIGHT LEVEL or ALTITUDE) CHANGE FROM (name of unit) [AT (time or significant point)];

... SID

) [ SID ()] ()

cc) [CLIMB VIA SID TO (level)], CANCEL SPEED RESTRICTION(S)

) ( ) ();

) STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (level);

... SID

) [ SID ()] () ( ())

dd) [CLIMB VIA SID TO (level)], CANCEL SPEED RESTRICTION(S) AT (point(s))

) ( ) ();

) CONTINUE CLIMB (or DESCENT) TO (level);

... SID

) () () (), ()

) CLIMB UNRESTRICTED TO (level) (or) CLIMB TO (level), CANCEL LEVEL AND SPEED RESTRICTIONS

) ( ) [ ()];

e) EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT) [UNTIL PASSING (level)];

... STAR / , , STAR ,

) STAR ()

ff) DESCEND VIA STAR TO (level)

) ( ) ();

) WHEN READY CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO (level);

... STAR

) [ STAR ()] ()

gg) [DESCEND VIA STAR TO (level)], CANCEL LEVEL RESTRICTION(S)

) () ( ) ( );

3) EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time or significant point);

... STAR

) [ STAR ()] () (())

hh) [DESCEND VIA STAR TO (level)] CANCEL LEVEL RESTRICTION(S) AT (point(s))

*) ();

*) REQUEST DESCENT AT (time);

... STAR

) [ STAR ()] ()

ii) [DESCEND VIA STAR TO (level)], CANCEL SPEED RESTRICTION(S)

...

) ;

j) IMMEDIATELY;

... STAR

) [ STAR ()] () (())

jj) [DESCEND VIA STAR TO (level)], CANCEL SPEED RESTRICTION(S) AT (point(s))

) ( );

k) AFTER PASSING (significant point);

... STAR

) () ()

kk) DESCEND UNRESTRICTED TO (level), or DESCEND TO (level), CANCEL LEVEL AND SPEED RESTRICTIONS

) ( );

l) AT (time or significant point);

...

) ();

m) WHEN READY (instruction);

...

) [ ()] [ ()];

n) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC [FROM (level)] [TO (level)];

) ( , ()];

) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION AND VMC ABOVE (or BELOW, or TO) (level);

... ,

) ( ) ;

p) IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE;

...

*) ;

*q) UNABLE;

... (RA) ( )

*) TCAS RA;

*r) TCAS RA;

) ;

s) ROGER;

... RA ( )

*) ,

( );

*t) CLEAR OF CONFLICT RETURNING TO (assigned clearance);

) ( );

u) ROGER (or alternative instructions);

... RA (

)

*) ( ) ;

* v) CLEAR OF CONFLICT (assigned clearance) RESUMED;

) ( );

w) ROGER (or alternative instructions);

... , RA , RA

( )

*) , RA AS;

*x) UNABLE, TCAS RA;

) ;

y) ROGER;

... SID / , , SID, ,

) SID ()

z) CLIMB VIA SID TO (level);

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.3 /

) ( ) () [];

a) CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) [NOW];

) ( ) ( ) [ ] [// ()] ( ) ();

b) AT (or OVER) (time or place) [or WHEN]

[PASSING/LEAVING/REACHING

(level)] CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency);

) ();

c) IF NO CONTACT (instructions);

d) ( ) ();

d) STAND BY FOR (unit call sign) (frequency);

*) ();

*) REQUEST CHANGE (frequency);

) ;

f) FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED;

) ( ) ( ) ();

g) MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency);

. " " , , , "" , .

*) ( ) ();

*h) MONITORING (frequency);

) ( ) ();

i) WHEN READY CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency);

) ( ).

j) REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.4 8,33

. "point" 8,33 - , "decimal".

... 8,33

) ;

a) CONFIRM EIGHT POINT THREE THREE;

... 8,33

*) ;

*b) AFFIRM EIGHT POINT THREE THREE;

... 8,33

* ) ;

*c) NEGATIVE EIGHT POINT THREE THREE;

.. .

) ;

d) CONFIRM UHF;

...

*) ;

*e) AFFIRM UHF;

...

*) ;

*f) NEGATIVE UHF;

... 8,33

) ;

g) CONFIRM EIGHT POINT THREE THREE EXEMPTED;

... 8,33

*) ;

*h) AFFIRM EIGHT POINT THREE THREE EXEMPTED;

... 8,33

*) ;

*i) NEGATIVE EIGHT POINT THREE THREE EXEMPTED;

... , , /

,

) .

j) DUE EIGHT POINT THREE THREE REQUIREMENT.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.5

...

) ( ) ( ) [ ]

a) CHANGE YOUR CALL SIGN TO (new call sign) [UNTIL FURTHER ADVISED];

... ,

) , () [ ( )]

b) REVERT TO FLIGHT PLAN CALL SIGN (call sign) [AT (significant point)].

1.1.6

) ( ) ();

a) TRAFFIC (information);

...

) ( );

b) NO REPORTED TRAFFIC;

...

*) ;

*c) LOOKING OUT;

*) ( );

*d) TRAFFIC IN SIGHT;

*)

[];

*e) NEGATIVE CONTACT [reasons];

) [] () ( ) () ( ) ( ) ();

f) [ADDITIONAL] TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time);

) () () [ ] () () (()) [ ] () ( ).

g) TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOON(S) WAS [or ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED (level(s)) [or LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) (other pertinent information, if any).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.7

) () () ( );

a) [SURFACE] WIND (number) DEGREES (speed) (units);

) ( ) () () ( ).

b) WIND AT (level) (number) DEGREES (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS);

;

Wind is always expressed by giving the mean direction and speed and any significant variations thereof.

) () ( ) [];

c) VISIBILITY (distance) (units) [direction];

) ( RVR) [ ()] () ( );

d) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY (number)] (distance) (unit of measurement);

) ( RVR) () () ;

e) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) RUNWAY (number) NOT AVAILABLE (or NOT REPORTED);

... ( - RVR)

) ( RVR) [ ()] ( ) () ( ), ( ) () ( ), ( ) () ( ).

f) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY

(number)] (first position) (distance) (units), (second position)

(distance) (units), (third position) (distance) (units);

RVR , /.

Multiple RVR observations are always representative of the touchdown zone, midpoint zone and the roll-out/stop end zone respectively.

, , , : , /;

Where reports for three locations are given, the indication of these locations may be omitted, provided that the reports are passed in the order of touchdown zone, followed by the midpoint zone and ending with the roll- out/stop end zone report.

... , RVR

,

) (RVR) [ ()] ( ) () ( ), ( ) () , ( ) () ( );

g) RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) [RUNWAY

(number)] (first position) (distance) (units), (second position)

NOT AVAILABLE, (third position) (distance) (units);

) ( );

h) PRESENT WEATHER (details);

) (, [()] ) ( ) ( ).

i) CLOUD (amount, [(type)] and height of base) (units) (or SKY CLEAR);

) CAVOK ( )

j) CAVOK;

VOK --;

AVOK pronounced AV-O-KAY.

) [] () (/ [] ());

k) TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number) (and/or DEWPOINT [MINUS] (number));

) QNH () [ ];

l) QNH (number) [units];

) QFE () [( )];

m) QFE (number) [(units)];

) ( ) () ( ) [ ] () ();

n) (aircraft type) REPORTED (description) ICING (or TURBULENCE) [IN CLOUD](area) (time);

) ( ).

o) REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS.

1.1.8

) ( ) ( );

a) NEXT REPORT AT (significant point);

...

) [ ()];

b) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)];

) .

e) RESUME POSITION REPORTING.

1.1.9

) ( );

a) REPORT PASSING (significant point);

...

) () () (GNSS DME) ( DME) ( );

b) REPORT (distance) MILES (GNSS or DME) FROM (name of DME station) (or significant point);

...

*) () () (GNSS DME) ( DME) ( );

*c) (distance) MILES (GNSS or DME) FROM (name of DME station) (or significant point);

) ( ) VOR ( VOR);

d) REPORT PASSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR) VOR;

...

) (GNSS DME) ( ) ( DME);

e) REPORT (GNSS or DME) DISTANCE FROM (significant point) or (name of DME station);

...

*) () () (GNSS DME) ( DME) ( ).

*f) (distance) MILES (GNSS or DME) FROM (name of DME station) (or significant point).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.10

) [()] ( ) () ();

a) [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) (condition);

) [()] ( ) () ;

b) [(location)] RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION RUNWAY (number) NOT CURRENT;

) ();

c) LANDING SURFACE (condition);

) , ();

d) CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location);

) ( ) ( ), ( ) [];

e) CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT), (or BOTH SIDES) OF RUNWAY [number];

) , ( ) ( );

f) CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position and any necessary advice);

) ( ) () ( ) ( ) . ( , , , ];

g) RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number) (type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETRES. ESTIMATED SURFACE FRICTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD, or MEDIUM, or MEDIUM TO POOR, or POOR)];

) ( ) () ( , );

h) BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time) GOOD (or MEDIUM, or POOR);

) ;

:

. ""

) ( ) () [ , ( ), , ( , , , , , , , , , )]

j) RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) (number) WET [STANDING WATER, or SNOW REMOVED (length and width as applicable), or TREATED, or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF DRY SNOW (or WET SNOW, or COMPACTED SNOW, or SLUSH, or FROZEN SLUSH, or ICE, or WET ICE, or ICE UNDERNEATH, or ICE AND SNOW, or SNOWDRIFTS, or FROZEN RUTS AND RIDGES)]

) ( );

k) TOWER OBSERVES (weather information);

) \ ( );

l) PILOT REPORTS (weather information).

1.1.11

) ( ) () ( );

) () ();

a) (specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency);

b) (type) LIGHTING (unserviceability);

) GBAS/SBAS/MLS/ILS () ( );

c) GBAS/SBAS/MLS/ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state);

) ( );

d) TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency);

) ( ) () ( ).

e) (type of visual approach slope indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description of deficiency).

1.1.12 c ( - RVSM)

... , RVSM

) RVSM;

a) CONFIRM RVSM APPROVED;

... RVSM

*) RVSM;

*b) AFFIRM RVSM;

... RVSM,

*) RVSM [( , )];

*c) NEGATIVE RVSM [(supplementary information, e.g. State aircraft)];

... RVSM

) RVSM , [ , ] ();

d) UNABLE ISSUE CLEARANCE INTO RVSM AIRSPACE, MAINTAIN [or DESCEND TO, or CLIMB TO] (level));

... , RVSM

*) RVSM ( -) ;

*) UNABLE RVSM DUE TURBULENCE;

... ,

*) RVSM ( -) ;

*f) UNABLE RVSM DUE EQUIPMENT;

.. . , RVSM RVSM

) , RVSM;

g) REPORT WHEN ABLE TO RESUME RVSM;

... ,

RVSM RVSM

) RVSM;

h) CONFIRM ABLE TO RESUME RVSM;

... RVSM ,

*) RVSM.

*i) READY TO RESUME RVSM.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.13 GNSS

a) GNSS ( GNSS [- ( GPS +GPS)]);

a) GNSS REPORTED UNRELIABLE (or GNSS MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE [DUE TO INTERFERENCE (BY GPS (or GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS CONSTELLATION)]);

1) () () [ ()]

1) IN THE VICINITY OF (location) (radius) [BETWEEN (levels)]; or

2) ( )) [ ()];

2) IN THE AREA OF (description or name) [BETWEEN (levels)];

) GNSS ( SBAS, GBAS)) [ GPS +GPS]

( ) [ () () ( )];

b) BASIC GNSS (or SBAS, or GBAS)) [BY GPS (or GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS)

CONSTELLATION] UNAVAILABLE FOR (specify operation) [FROM (time) TO (time) (or UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE)];

*) GNSS [ GPS +GPS] [- (, RAIM RAIM) ( )];

*c) BASIC GNSS [BY GPS or GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS CONSTELLATION] UNAVAILABLE [DUE TO (reason, e.g. LOSS OF RAIM or RAIM ALERT) (or ANOMALY)];

*) GBAS ( SBAS) [ GPS +GPS] .

*d) GBAS (or SBAS) [BY GPS or GLONASS or GLONASS+GPS CONSTELLATION] UNAVAILABLE.

) GNSS;

) CONFIRM GNSS NAVIGATION;

)* GNSS.

f)* AFFIRM GNSS NAVIGATION.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.1.14

RNP ( ) ( RNAV) ( RNP ( ) ( RNAV) [- (, RAIM RAIM)].

UNABLE RNP (specify type) (or RNAV) [DUE TO (reason, e.g. LOSS of RAIM or RAIM ALERT)].

1.1.15

)* ;

a) MINIMUM FUEL;

) [ ( ).

b) ROGER [NO DELAY EXPECTED or EXPECT (delay information) .

* , .

*Denotes pilot transmission.

1.2

1.2.1

) ( ) ( );

a) (name of unit) CLEARS (aircraft call sign);

) ( ) ;

b) (aircraft call sign) CLEARED TO;

) ( ) [ ];

c) RECLEARED (amended clearance details) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED];

) ( ) ( )

( ];

d) RECLEARED (amended route portion) TO (significant point

of original route) [REST OF CLEARANCE UNCHANGED];

) ( ) [ ( )] () [ ()];

e) ENTER CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL

ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) [AT (time)];

) ( ) [ ( )] () ( , );

f) LEAVE CONTROLLED AIRSPACE (or CONTROL

ZONE) [VIA (significant point or route)] AT (level) (or CLIMBING, or DESCENDING);

) () ( ) () [ ()].

g) JOIN (specify) AT (significant point) AT (level) [AT (time)].

1.2.2

) () ();

a) FROM (location) TO (location);

) (),

:

b) TO (location),

followed as necessary by:

1) ;

1) DIRECT;

2) ( / );

2) VIA (route and/or significant points);

3) .

3) FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE;

4) () DME () ( DME);

4) VIA(distance) DME ARC (direction) OF (name of DME station);

) () () [] () .

c) (route) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) ALTERNATTVE[S] IS/ARE (routes) ADVISE.

1.2.3

) ( , ) () [ ( )];

a) MAINTAIN (level) [TO (significant point)];

) ( , ) () ( );

b) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL PASSING (significant point);

) ( , ) () () ( );

c) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (minutes) AFTER PASSING (significant point);

) ( , ) () ();

d) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL (time);

) ( , ) () ( );

e) MAINTAIN (level) UNTIL ADVISED BY (name of unit);

) ( , ) () ;

f) MAINTAIN (level) UNTTL FURTHER ADVISED;

) ( , ) () ;

g) MAINTAIN (level) WHILE IN CONTROLLED AIRSPACE;

) ( , ) () ().

h) MAINTAIN BLOCK (level) (level).

"" "" " " .

Note. - The term "MAINTAIN" is not to be used in lieu of "DESCEND" or "CLIMB" when instructing an aircraft to change level.

1.2.4

) ( ) ( ) ( , ) ();

a) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE, or BELOW) (level);

) ( ) ( ) () ( ) ();

b) CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or BEFORE) AT (level);

) () ( ());

c) CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN (levels) (or ABOVE (level));

) () () (GNSS DME) [()] ( DME) () [()] ( ) ( , ) ().

d) CROSS (distance) KILOMETRES (MILES), (GNSS or DME) [(direction)] OF (name of DME station) OR (distance) [(direction)] OF (significant point) AT (or ABOVE or BELOW) (level).

1.2.5

*) ();

*a) EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions);

) , [ ] ( ) () (, , , , ..).

b) ATTENTION ALL AIRCRAFT IN THE VICINITY OF [or AT] (significant point or location) EMERGENCY DESCENT IN PROGRESS FROM (level) (followed as necessary by specific instructions, clearances, traffic information, etc).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.2.6

( ) ().

EXPECT CLEARANCE (or type of clearance) AT (time).

1.2.7

, () ( ) () ( ) ( ) () () .

UNABLE, TRAFFIC (direction) BOUND (type of aircraft) (level) ESTIMATED (or OVER) (significant point) AT (time) CALL SING (call sing) ADVISE INTENTIONS.

1.2.8

) ( ) () [ ( )];

a) CROSS (significant point) AT (time) [OR LATER (or OR BEFORE)];

) ( ) ( );

b) ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point) AT (time or level);

) () [ ( )] [ ( )];

c) MAINTAIN MACH (number) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)];

) ().

d) DO NOT EXCEED MACH (number).

)

) CONFIRM ESTABLISHED

() ( ) ( ) [ ];

ON THE TRACK BETWEEN (significant point) AND (significant point) [WITH ZERO OFFSET];

) * () ) ( ) [ );

f)* ESTABLISHED ON THE TRACK BETWEEN (significant point) AND (significant point) [WITH ZERO OFFSET];

) () ( ) ( ). ();

g) MAINTAIN TRACK BETWEEN (significant point) AND (significant point). REPORT ESTABLISHED ON THE TRACK;

) * ();

h)*ESTABLISHED ON THE TRACK;

) ;

i)CONFIRM ZERO OFFSET;

) * .

j)*AFFIRM ZERO OFFSET

* ,

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.2.9 , (),

) ;

a) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFFSET;

) () / () ( ) [ ] [ ( )] [ ( )];

b) PROCEED OFFSET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF (route) (track) [CENTRE LINE] [AT (significant point or time)] [UNTIL (significant point or time)];

) ( ).

c) CANCEL OFFSET (instructions to rejoin cleared flight route or other information).

1.3. ,

1.3.1 ,

) [ ] ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) [( )];

a) [AFTER DEPARTURE] TURN RIGHT ( LEFT) HEADING (three digits) (or CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING) (or TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE) TO (level or significant point) [(other instructions as required)];

) ( , ) ( ) ();

b) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) (level or significant point) (instructions);

) ( ) ( ) () [ ( , , .

.)];

c) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) TO (level) [TO INTERCEPT (track, route, airway, etc.)];

) ( ) [];

d) (standard departure name and number) [DEPARTURE];

) ( ) [ ( )] ( ) ( ) ( ( )) [ ];

e) TRACK (three digits) DEGREES [MAGNETIC (or TRUE)] TO (or FROM) (significant point) UNTIL (time, or REACHING (fix or significant point or level)) [BEFORE PROCEEDING ON COURSE];

) ().

f) CLEARED VIA (designation).

... SID

) ( ), () SID [( sid)] [ ( )]

g) CLEARED DIRECT (waypoint), CLIMB TO (level), EXPECT TO REJOIN SID [(sid designator)] [AT (waypoint)]

then

SID [( sid)] [ ( )]

REJOIN SID [(sid designator)] [AT (waypoint)]

) ( ) ()

h) CLEARED DIRECT (waypoint),CLIMB TO (level)

then

SID ( sid) ( )

REJOIN SID (sid designator) AT (waypoint)

1.3.2 ,

) () () ;

a) CLEARED (or) (designation) ARRIVAL;

) ( ) ();

b) CLEARED TO (clearance limit) (designation);

) ( ) ( );

c) CLEARED (or PROCEED) (details of route to be followed);

) ( ), (), () STAR [( star)] ( )

) CLEARED DIRECT (waypoint),DESCEND TO (level), EXPECT TO REJOIN STAR [(star designator)] AT (waypoint)

then

... STAR

STAR [( star)] [( )]

REJOIN STAR[(star designator)] [AT (waypoint) ]

) ( ), ()

cb) CLEARED DIRECT (waypoint) DESCEND TO (level)

then

STAR ( star) ( )

REJOIN STAR (star designator) AT (waypoint)

) ( ) [ ()];

d) CLEARED (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)];

) ( ) () ();

e) CLEARED (type of approach) RUNWAY (number) FOLLOWED BY CIRCLING TO RUNWAY (number);

) [ ()];

f) CLEARED APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)];

) ();

g) COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time);

*) [( )] [ ()];

*h) REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)];

) [( )] [ ()];

i) CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN [(type of approach)] APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)];

) , ;

j) REPORT VISUAL;

) , [] ;

k) REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT;

...

*) ;

*l) REQUEST VISUAL APPROACH;

) ();

m) CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

...

) ( , ) ();

n) ADVISE ABLE TO ACCEPT VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

... , ,

) (), ( ) ];

) CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number), MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION FROM PRECEDING (aircraft type and wake turbulence category as appropriate) [CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE];

) ( ); [ ];

p) REPORT (significant point); [OUTBOUND, or INBOUND];

) ;

q) REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN;

*) ;

*r) REQUEST VMC DESCENT;

) ;

s) MAINTAIN OWN SEPARATION;

) ;

t) MAINTAIN VMC;

) ();

u) ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE;

*) ( ) [ ()];

*v) REQUST (type of approach) APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)];

*) ( MLS/RNAV);

*w) REQUEST (MLS/RNAV plain language designator);

) ( MLS/RNAV).

x) CLEARED (MLS/RNAV plain language designator).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.3 ,

) [] (), ( ( ));

a) HOLD VISUAL [OVER] (position), (or BETWEEN (two prominent landmarks));

...

) ( ) ( , ) [ ( ) ()] [()] ( ) ();

b) CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point, name of facility or fix) [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [(direction)] AS PUBLISHED EXPECT APPROACH (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) (time);

...

*) ;

*c) REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS;

...

) ( ) ( , ) [ ( ) ()] [()] () , , ( ) ] [ ( ) ] [ () ] ( ) () ( , );

d) CLEARED (or PROCEED) TO (significant point, name of facility or fix) [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [(direction)] [(specified) RADIAL, COURSE, INBOUND TRACK (three digits) DEGREES] [RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN] [OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTES] EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions, if necessary);

) ( ) () VOR () DME [ ( ) ()] [()] [ ( ) ] [ () ] ( ) () ( , );

e) CLEARED TO THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD [(direction)] [RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN] [OUTBOUND TIME (number) MINUTES] EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions, if necessary);

) ( ) () VOR HA () DME () () DME [ ( ) ] ( ) () ( , ).

f) CLEARED THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR AT (distance) DME FIX [MAINTAIN (or CLIMB or DESCEND TO) (level)] HOLD BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME [RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN] EXPECT APPROACH CLEARANCE (or FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time) (additional instructions, if necessary).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.4

) ;

a) NO DELAY EXPECTED;

) ();

b) EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time);

) ();

c) REVISED EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time);

) ().

d) DELAY NOT DETERMINED (reasons).

) () ()

) EXPECT DELAY (time);

1.3.5

.

SHOW LANDING LIGHTS.

1.3.6

) ( );

a) ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER);

) ;

b) ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS;

) .

c) ACKNOWLEDGE BY FLASHING LANDING LIGHTS.

1.3.7

...

*) [ ] ;

*a) [aircraft location] REQUEST START UP;

*) [ ] , ( ATIS);

*b) [aircraft location] REQUEST START UP, INFORMATION (ATIS identification);

...

) ;

c) START UP APPROVED;

) ();

d) START UP AT (time);

) () ();

e) EXPECT START UP AT (time);

) ;

f) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION;

) () .

g) EXPECT DEPARTURE (time) START UP AT OWN DISCRETION.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.8

. , .

.. /

*) [ ] ;

) ;

) ( );

) ;

) () ().

* , .

*a) [aircraft location] REQUEST PUSHBACK;

b) PUSHBACK APPROVED;

c) STAND BY;

d) PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION;

e) EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason).

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.9

+) [ ] ( ) () ();

+a) REQUEST TOW [company name] (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO (location);

...

) ( );

b) TOW APPROVED VIA (specific routing to be followed);

) ;

c) HOLD POSITION;

) ( ).

d) STAND BY.

+ " /".

+ Denotes transmission from aircraft/ tow vehicle combination.

1.3.10 /

*) ;

*a) REQUEST TIME CHECK;

) ();

b) TIME (time);

... ATIS

*) ;

*c) REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION;

) (), ( ) ( ), QNH ( QFE) () [( )], [] (), [ () ( ) ( RVR () ( )] [ ()].

d) RUNWAY (number), WIND (direction and speed (units) QNH (or QFE), (number) [(units)] TEMPERATURE [MINUS] (number), [VISIBILITY (distance) (units) (or RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (or RVR) (distance) (units)] [TIME (time)].

RVR , , / .

Note. - If multiple visibility and RVR observations are available, those that represent the roll-out/stop end zone should be used for take-off.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.11 ...

*) [ ] [ , ""] [ ] () [];

*a) [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if "heavy"] [aircraft location] REQUEST TAXI [intentions];

*) [ ] [ , ""] [ ] ( ) ( )

() [];

*b) [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if "heavy"] [aircraft location] (flight rules) TO (aerodrome of destination) REQUEST TAXI [intentions];

) ( ) [] [ ()] [ () ( ())] [ ()];

c) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [number] [RUNWAY (number)] [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) (or CROSS RUNWAY (number))] [TIME (time)];

...

*) [ ] [ , ""] ;

*d) [aircraft type] [wake turbulence category if "heavy"] REQUEST DETAILED TAXI INSTRUCTIONS;

) ( ) [] [ ()] ( ) [ ()] [ () ( ())];

e) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [(number)] [RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed) [TIME (time)] [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number) (or CROSS RUNWAY (number))];

... , ATIS

) ( ) [()] ( ) [ ()];

f) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [(number)] (followed by aerodrome information as applicable) [TIME (time)];

) ( ) ( ) ( );

g) TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT);

) () ( );

h) TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway);

) ( ) ();

i) TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number);

) ( , , ) [ ()];

j) TAXI TERMINAL (or other location, e.g. GENERAL AVIATION AREA) [STAND (number)];

...

*) ( ) ( ) ( );

*k) REQUEST ALR-TAXING FROM (or VIA) TO (location or routing as appropriate);

) () ( ) ( ) [ (, , , , . .)];

l) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust, blowing snow, loose debris, taxiing light aircraft, personnel, etc)];

) () (, ) (, , , ). ( );

m) AIR TAXI VIA (direct, as requested or specified route) TO (location, heliport, operating or movement area, active or inactive runway). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel);

...

*) 180 ;

*n) REQUEST BACKTRACK;

) 180 ;

o) BACKTRACK APPROVED;

...

*) [( )] ( );

*q) [(aircraft location)] REQUEST TAXI TO (destination an aerodrome);

) ;

r) TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD;

) , ;

s) TAXI WITH CAUTION;

) ( );

t) GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft);

*) ();

*u) GIVING WAY TO (traffic);

*) ( ) ( ) ;

*v) TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT;

) ;

w) TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY;

) ( );

x) FOLLOW (description of other aircraft or vehicle);

) ( );

y) VACATE RUNWAY;

*) ( ) ;

*z) RUNWAY VACATED;

) [()];

aa) EXPEDITE TAXI [(reason)];

*) ;

*bb) EXPEDITING;

) [] [];

cc) [CAUTION] TAXI SLOWER [reason];

*) .

*dd) SLOWING DOWN.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.12

a) () (, . .);

a) HOLD (direction) OF (position, runway number, etc.);

) ;

b) HOLD POSITION;

b) () ();

c) HOLD (distance) FROM (position);

...

) ();

d) HOLD SHORT OF (position);

*) ;

*e) HOLDING;

) ().

*f) HOLDING SHORT.

.

* , . , () . ().

+ Requires specific acknowledgement from the pilot

* Denotes pilot transmission. The procedure words ROGER and WILCO are insufficient acknowledgement of the instructions HOLD, HOLD POSITION and HOLD SHORT OF (position). In each case the acknowledgement shall be by the phraseology HOLDING or HOLDING SHORT, as appropriate.

1.3.13

*) () ();

(, , ), .

*a) REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number);

If the control tower Is unable to see the crossing aircraft (e.g. night, low visibility), the instruction should always be accompanied by a request to report when the aircraft has vacated the runway.

) () [ ];

b) CROSS RUNWAY (number) [REPORT VACATED];

) () ( ) () ( ) ;

c) EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC

(aircraft type) (distance) KILOMETRES (or MILES) FINAL;

) [] [ ()] ( ) [ ()] [ ()];

d) TAXI TO HOLDING POINT [number) [RUNWAY (number)] VIA (specific route to be followed), [HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY (number)] or [CROSS RUNWAY (number)];

*) () .

*e) RUNWAY VACATED.

" "? .

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.14

) () ();

a) UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reasons);

) [ , ];

b) REPORT WHEN READY [FOR DEPARTURE];

) [ , ]?

c) ARE YOU READY [FOR DEPARTURE]?;

) ?

d) ARE YOU READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?

*) ;

*e) READY;

...

) ( ) [ ];

f) LINE UP [AND WAIT];

+) ( , ) ();

+g) LINE UP RUNWAY (number);

) . ;

h) LINE UP. BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE;

...

) () ( , ) ( );

i) (condition) LINE UP (brief reiteration of the condition);

...

*) () ( ) ( );

*j) (condition) LINING UP (brief reiteration of the condition);

...

1) (] ( ) []... ( ).

k) [THAT IS] CORRECT (or NEGATIVE) [I SAY AGAIN]... (as appropriate).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

+

.

+ When there is the possibility of confusion during

multiple runway operations.

,

, 5.6

Provisions concerning the use of conditional

clearances are contained in 5.6.

1.3.15

) () [ ];

a) RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [REPORT AIRBORNE];

...

) ( ) () ;

b) (traffic information) RUNWAY (number) CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF;

...

) [()];

c) TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR VACATE RUNWAY [(instructions)];

) ;

d) TAKE OFF IMMEDIATELY OR HOLD SHORT OF RUNWAY;

...

) , , ();

e) HOLD POSITION, CANCEL TAKE OFF I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF (reasons);

*) ;

*f) HOLDING;

...

) ( ) [( ) ( )];

g) STOP IMMEDIATELY [(repeat aircraft call sign) STOP IMMEDIATELY];

*) , ( );

*h) STOPPING;

...

) [ ()] ( , , , );

i) CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF [FROM (location)] (present position, taxiway, final approach and take-off area, runway and number);

*) ;

*j) REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS;

) ( , ) ( ).

k) AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT, or CLIMB) (instructions as appropriate).

* , . " " "" , ) ).

* Denotes pilot transmission. HOLDING and STOPPING are the procedural responses to e) and g) respectively.

1.3.16

*) ( ) ;

*a) REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN;

) ( ) ;

b) RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN APPROVED;

) ( ) ;

c) WILL ADVISE LATER FOR RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN;

...

) ;

d) REPORT AIRBORNE;

) ();

e) AIRBORNE (time);

) () ();

f) AFTER PASSING (level) (instructions);

...

) ( )();

g) CONTINUE RUNWAY HEADING (instructions);

...

) ( ) ();

h) TRACK EXTENDED CENTRE LINE (instructions);

) ().

i) CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.17

*) [ ] () () ;

*a) [aircraft type] (position) (level) FOR LANDING;

) ( ) ( ) ( ) [] ( ) ( ) [ [ ()] QNH ( QFE) () [( )] [ ()];

b) JOIN [(direction of circuit)] (runway number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)];

) , () [] ( ) ( ) [ [] ()] QNH ( QFE) () [( )] [ ()];

c) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROACH, RUNWAY (number) [SURFACE] WIND (direction and speed) (units) [TEMPERATURE [MINUS (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC(detail];

... ATIS

*) ( ) () () ( ATIS) ( );

*d) (aircraft type) (position) (level) INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING;

) ( ) [ ()] QNH ( QFE) () [( )] [ ()].

e) JOIN (position in circuit) [RUNWAY (number)] QNH (or QFE) (number) [(units)] [TRAFFIC (detail)].

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.18

*) ( , / );

*a) (position in circuit, e.g. DOWNWIND/FINAL);

) ... ( ) [ ].

b) NUMBER... FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) [additional instructions if required].

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.19

) ;

a) MAKE SHORT APPROACH;

" " , 7 (4 . ) 15 (8 . ) 7 (4 . ) " ( )".

) ( );

b) MAKE LONG APPROACH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND);

) ( , , , );

c) REPORT BASE (or FINAL, or LONG FINAL);

) [ ].

d) CONTINUE APPROACH [PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE GO AROUND].

1.3.20

) () ;

a) RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND;

...

) ( ) () ;

b) (traffic information) RUNWAY (number) CLEARED TO LAND;

...

) ( );

c) CLEARED TOUCH AND GO;

) ;

d) MAKE FULL STOP;

...

*) ();

*) REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons);

) [ ()] [ ) ( )];

f) CLEARED LOW APPROACH [RUNWAY (number)] [(altitude restriction if required) (go around instructions)];

...

*) ();

*g) REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons);

) [ , f)];

h) CLEARED LOW PASS [as in f)];

...

*) ( , ( ) ());

*i) REQUEST STRAIGHT-LN (or CIRCLING APPROACH, LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location));

) ( , ( ) (, , , ))

[ ( ) (, )]. [ ( , ..)].

[ ( ) (, , )].

[ ( , , ..)]. .

j) MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or CIRCLING APPROACH, LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location, runway, taxiway, final approach and take-off area)) [ARRIVAL (or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number, name, or code)]. [HOLD SHORT OF (active runway, extended runway centre line, other)]. [REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway, runway centre line, other helicopter or aircraft)]. [CAUTION (power lines, unlighted obstructions, wake turbulence, etc.)]. CLEARED TO LAND.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.21

) ;

a) CIRCLE THE AERODROME;

) ( ) ( ) [ ];

b) ORBIT (RIGHT, or LEFT) [FROM PRESENT POSITION];

) ( ).

c) MAKE ANOTHER CIRCUIT.

1.3.22

) ;

a) GO AROUND;

*) .

*b) GOING AROUND.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

1.3.23

...

) , -, ;

a) LANDING GEAR APPERS DOWN;

) ( , ) , -, ( );

b) RIGHT (or LEFT, or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN);

) , -, ;

c) WHEELS APPEAR UP;

) ( , ) , -, ( );

d) RIGHT (or LEFT, or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP (DOWN);

...

) , [ ( ) ( )] [ ];

e) CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE [FROM ARRIVING (or DEPARTING) (type of aircraft)] [additional information as required];

...

) , ;

f) CAUTION J BLAST;

...

) , ;

g) CAUTION SLIPSTREAM.

1.3.24

) ();

a) CONTACT GROUND (frequency);

) ();

b) WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency);

) ;

c) EXPEDITE VACATING;

) ( , ) ();

d) YOUR STAND (or GATE) (designation);

) ( ) ( ) ( ) ();

e) TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND, or CONVENIENT) LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency);

...

) () () ();

f) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or) HELICOPTER PARKING POSITION (area);

) () ( ) ( ) [ (, , , , .)];

g) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate) [CAUTION (dust, blowing snow, loose debris, taxiing light aircraft, personnel, etc)];

) () (, ) (, , , ). ( ).

h) AIR-TAXI VIA (direct, as requested or specified route) TO (location, heliport, operating or movement area, active or inactive runway). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel).

1.4

1.4.1

) [ ] ( ) [ () ( )] () ( ) () () ( () ()) [ ( )] () [];

a) ESTIMATE [direction of flight] (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR code)] (type) ESTIMATED (significant point) (time) (level) (or DESCENDING FROM (level) TO (level)) [SPEED (filed TAS)] (route) [REMARKS];

...

) ( ) ( );

b) ESTIMATE (significant point) ON (aircraft call sign);

... ( )

) ;

c) NO DETAILS;

... ( )

( ) ( );

(aircraft type) (destination);

...

[ () ( )] [] ( ) () ().

[SQUAWKING (SSR code)] [ESTIMATED] (significant point) (time) AT (level);

b) " ", , );

In the event that flight plan details are not available the receiving station shall reply to b) NO DETAILS and transmitting station shall pass full estimate as in a).

) () ( ) () () () ( ) [ ] () () ( , );

d) ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOON(S) (identification and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time) REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) [or FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN] MOVING (direction) ESTIMATED GROUND SPEED (figure) (other pertinent information, if any);

) ( ) ( , ).

e) REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary).

1.4.2

) ( );

a) REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign);

) ( ) [ ()] [/];

b) (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [AT (time)] [conditions/restrictions];

) ( ) [ ( )]?

) IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED [FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)]?;

) ( ) [ ( )];

d) (aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED [UNTIL (time or significant point)];

) ( ) [ ()].

e) UNABLE (aircraft call sign) [TRAFFIC IS (details)].

1.4.3

) ( ) ( )?

a) MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO (details of alteration proposed)?;

) ( ) ( );

b) AGREED TO (alteration of clearance) OF (aircraft call sign);

) ( );

c) UNABLE (aircraft call sign);

) ( , .) [ ( )] [ ()] ( ).

d) UNABLE (desired route, level, etc.) [FOR (aircraft call sign)] [DUE (reason)] (alternative clearance proposed).

1.4.4

) ( ) ( ) ();

a) APPROVAL REQUEST (aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED DEPARTURE FROM (significant point) AT (time);

) ( ) [( )];

b) (aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED [(restriction if any)];

) ( ) ( ).

c) (aircraft call sign) UNABLE (alternative instructions).

1.4.5

[ ] ( ) [ ( )] () ( ) ( , , ) ( ) () () [ ] ().

a) [INBOUND RELEASE] (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR code)] (type) FROM (departure point) RELEASED AT (significantpoint, or time, or level) CLEARED TO AND ESTIMATING (clearance limit) (time) AT (level) [EXPECTED APPROACH TIME or NO DELAY EXPECTED] CONTACT AT (time).

1.4.6

( ) [ ( )] ( ) ().

a) HANDOVER (aircraft call sign) [SQUAWKING (SSR code)] POSITION (aircraft position) (level).

1.4.7

) ( ) () ();

a) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE (aircraft call sign) EXPECTED DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time);

) ( ) [ ] () () ( . .).

b) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE (aircraft call sign) [ESTIMATED] OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (level or route, etc.).

1.4.8 (RVSM)

.. . , RVSM, , . 18 , , ,

a) RVSM [( , , )];

a) NEGATIVE RVSM [(supplementary information, e.g. State aircraft)];

... , , RVSM - , ,

) RVSM ( , ).

b) UNABLE RVSM DUE TURBULENCE (or EQUIPMENT, as applicable).

1.5 - ( - CPDL

1.5.1

... CPDLC

) ( ] CPDLC ();

a) [ALL STATIONS] CPDLC FAILURE (instructions);

... CPDLC

) CPDLC ( , , );

b) CPDLC MESSAGE FAILURE (appropriate clearance, instruction, information or request);

... , , CPDLC

) ( ) CPDLC, ( , , );

c) DISREGARD CPDLC (message content or type) MESSAGE, BREAK (correct clearance, instruction, information or request);

... CPDLC

) [ ] CPDLC [ ] [()];

d) [ALL STATIONS] STOP SENDING CPDLC REQUESTS [UNTIL ADVISED] [(reason)];

... CPDLC

) [ ] CPDLC.

e) [ALL STATIONS] RESUME NORMAL CPDLC OPERATIONS.

2.

. , , . , , .

2.1

2.1.1

) [ ( )];

a) RETORT HEADING [AND FLIGHT LEVEL (or ALTITUDE)];

) ( ) ( );

b) FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits);

) ;

c) TRANSMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING;

d) [];

d) RADAR CONTACT [position];

) [];

e) IDENTIFIED [position];

) [], [ ( ) ].

f) NOT IDENTIFIED [reason], [RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN NAVIGATION].

2.1.2

() () ( ) ( ( )).

POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (significant point) (or OVER or ABEAM (significant point)).

2.1.3

) ( ) ( );

a) LEAVE (significant point) HEADING (three digits);

) ( );

b) CONTINUE HEADING (three digits);

) ( ) ( );

c) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING;

) ( );

d) FLY HEADING (three digits);

) ( ) ( ) [];

e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits)) [reason];

) ( ) ( ) [];

f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES [reason];

) ( );

g) STOP TURN HEADING (three digits);

) ( ), () ( );

h) FLY HEADING (three digits), WHEN ABLE PROCEED DIRECT (name) (significant point);

) .

i) HEADING IS GOOD.

2.1.4

) ( ) ( );

a) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (position of aircraft) (specific instructions);

) [ ] ( ) [ ( ) () ( )].

b) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION [DIRECT] (significant point) [MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number) KILOMETRES (or MILES)].

2.1.5

) ( ) [];

a) MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason];

) ( ) () [];

b) ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) [reason];

... ( ,

) ( , () ) "";

c) MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF, or (number) DEGREES PER SECOND) START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON COMMAND "NOW";

) ( ) .

d) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW;

) .

e) STOP TURN NOW.

, , :

) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) ( , ).

2.1.6

) ( );

a) REPORT SPEED;

*) () ( );

*b) SPEED (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS);

) () () ( ) [ ( )] [ ( )];

) MAINTAIN (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or [OR LESS)] [UNTIL (significant point)];

) () ( );

d) DO NOT EXCEED (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS);

) ;

e) MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED;

) ( ) () ( ) [ ( ];

f) INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS) [OR GREATER (or OR LESS)];

) ( ) () ( );

g) INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KILOMETRES PER HOUR (or KNOTS);

) ;

h) RESUME NORMAL SPEED;

) () ( );

i) REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED;

) ( );

j) REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED;

) .

k) NO [] SPEED RESTRICTIONS.

)

1) RESUME PUBLISHED SPEED

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.1.7

...

) [ ()];

a) OMIT POSITION REPORTS [UNTIL (specify)]:

) ( );

b) NEXT REPORT AT (significant point);

) ( ());

c) REPORTS REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant points(s));

) .

d) RESUME POSITION REPORTING.

) ( )

2.1.8

) () () ( ) ( ];

a) TRAFFIC (number) O'CLOCK (distance) (direction of flight) [any other pertinent information];

1) ;

1) UNKNOWN;

2) ;

2) SLOW MOVING;

3) ();

3) FAST MOVING;

4) ;

4) CLOSING;

5) ( )

5) OPPOSITE (or SAME) DIRECTION;

6) ;

6) OVERTAKING;

7) ( );

7) CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEFT);

... ( )

8) ( );

8) (aircraft type);

9) ();

9) (level);

10) ( );

10) CLIMB ING (or DESCENDING);

...

*) ;

*b) REQUEST VECTORS;

) ?;

) DO YOU WANT VECTORS?;

...

) [ ].

d) CLEAR OF TRAFFIC [appropriate instructions];

...

) ( ) ( ) [] ( );

e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADLNG (three digits) TO AVOID [UNTOENTLFIED] TRAFFIC (bearing by clock-reference and distance);

) ( ) ( ) [] ( ).

f) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number of degrees) DEGREES IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID [UNIDENTIFIED] TRAFFIC AT (bearing by clock-reference and distance).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.1.9

) [] ();

a) [IF] RADIO CONTACT LOST (instructions);

) () ( ) ();

b) IF NO TRANSMISSIONS RECEIVED FOR (number) MINUTES (or SECONDS) (instructions);

) ();

c) REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions);

...

d) [ ( )];

d) IF YOU READ [manoeuvre instructions or SQUAWK (code or IDENT)];

) (, ) . ( ) [()].

e) (manoeuvre, SQUAWK or IDENT) OBSERVED. POSITION (position of aircraft) [(instructions)].

2.1.10 / ( - ADS-B)

) ( ) [ ()] ();

a) RADAR SERVICE (or IDENTIFICATION) TERMINATED [DUE (reason)] (instructions);

) ( );

b) WILL SHORTLY LOSE IDENTIFICATION (appropriate instructions or information);

) [] ().

c) IDENTIFICATION LOST [reasons] (instructions).

2.1.11 / ADS-B

) ( );

a) SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary);

) ( );

b) PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary);

) ADS-B ( ).

c) ADS-B OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary).

:

212.

2.2.1

) () ( , );

a) VECTORING FOR (type of pilot-interpreted aid) APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

) () , ( );

b) VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number) REPORT FIELD (or RUNWAY) IN SIGHT;

) ( );

c) VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit);

) ();

) VECTORING FOR PRECISION APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

) () () ( ).

f) (type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions).

2.2.2 (ILS) ,

) () ( ) ( ). ( ) ( ) ( );

a) POSITION (number) KILOMETRES (or MILES) from (fix). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits);

) ( ) ( ) () ( );

b) YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM (significant point or TOUCHDOWN);

...

*) ();

*c) REQUEST (distance) FINAL;

) ( ) ();

d) CLEARED FOR (type of approach) APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

...

) [ILS] ( GBAS/SBAS/MLS);

e) RETORT ESTABLISHED ON [ILS] LOCALIZER (or ON GBAS/SBAS/MLS APPROACH COURSE);

) ( ) [ ];

f) CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) [REPORT ESTABLISHED];

) ( ) ( ) [ ] [ ];

g) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) [TO INTERCEPT] or [REPORT ESTABLISHED];

) ( ) ();

h) EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid) (reason);

) ( ) [];

i) THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reason];

) [];

j) TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid) [reason];

) ( ) () ;

k) MAINTAIN (altitude) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION;

) ;

l) REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH;

) ( ) [ ].

m) INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) [REPORT ESTABLISHED].

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.2.3

) ( ) () ( );

a) CLEARED FOR (type of approach) APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT);

) ( , GBAS/SBAS/MLS). ( ) ( GBAS/SBAS/MLS);

b) YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER (or GBAS/ SBAS/MLS FINAL APPROACH COURSE). TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER (or GBAS/SBAS/MLS FINAL APPROACH COURSE);

) ILS ( MLS) () ( ) ( MLS) ();

c) ILS (or MLS) RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER (or MLS) FREQUENCY IS (frequency);

... , NTZ

) ( ) [() ] [ ( )] [ ], ();

d) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES (or HEADING) (three digits) IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH], CLIMB TO (level);

... 120 (400 ) , (PAOAS)

) () [ ] ( ).

) CLIMB (level) IMMEDIATELY AVOID TRAFFIC [DEVIATING FROM ADJACENT APPROACH] (further instructions).

2.2.5

2.2.5.1

) ();

a) THIS WILL BE A PRECISION RADAR APPROACH RUNWAY (number);

) () ( );

b) PRECISION APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative instructions);

) ().

c) IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions).

2.2.5.2

) ;

a) DO NOT ACKNOWLEDGE FURTHER TRANSMISSIONS;

) . .

b) REPLY NOT RECEIVED. WILL CONTINUE INSTRUCTIONS.

2.2.5.3

) [ ( )] [ ( )];

a) CLOSING [SLOWLY (or QUICKLY)] [FROM THE LEFT(or FROM THE RIGHT)];

) ;

b) HEADING IS GOOD;

) ;

c) ON TRACK;

) ( , ( ) ;

d) SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or GOING) LEFT (or RIGHT) OF TRACK;

) () ( ) .

e) (number) METRES LEFT (or RIGHT) OF TRACK.

2.2.5.4

) ;

a) APPROACHING GLIDE PATH;

) [ () () ( () )];

b) COMMENCE DESCENT NOW [AT (number) METRES PER SECOND OR (number) FEET PER MINUTE (or ESTABLISH A (number) DEGREE GLIDE PATH)];

) ;

c) RATE OF DESCENT IS GOOD;

) ;

d) ON GLIDE PATH;

) ( , ) ( ) ;

e) SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or GOING) ABOVE (or BELOW) GLIDE PATH;

) [ ] () ( ) ( );

f) [STILL] (number) METRES (or FEET) TOO HIGH (or TOO LOW);

) ;

g) ADJUST RATE OF DESCENT;

) [ ( )] ;

h) COMING BACK [SLOWLY (or QUICKLY)] TO THE GLIDE PATH;

) ;

i) RESUME NORMAL RATE OF DESCENT;

) ( );

j) ELEVATION ELEMENT UNSERVICEABLE (to be followed by appropriate instructions);

) () ( ). ( ) ( ).

k) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN (FROM RW). ALTITUDE (or HEIGHT) SHOULD BE (numbers and units).

2.2.5.5

) () ( );

a) (distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN (FROM RW).;

) ;

b) OVER APPROACH LIGHTS;

) .

c) OVER THRESHOLD.

2.2.5.6

) ;

a) CHECK GEAR DOWN AND LOCKED;

) (

)

.

b) CHECK DECISION ALTITUDE (or HEIGHT).

2.2.5.7

) , ;

a) RETORT VISUAL;

) , [ ];

b) REPORT RUNWAY [LIGHTS] IN SIGHT;

2.2.5.8

) [ ]

a) CONTINUE VISUALLY OR GO AROUND [missed approach instructions];

) [ ] ();

b) GO AROUND IMMEDIATELY [missed approach instructions] (reason);

) ?;

c) ARE YOU GOING AROUND?;

) ( );

d) IF GOING AROUND (appropriate instructions);

*) .

*e) GOING AROUND.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.3 , ( - ) ADS-B

2.3.1

) ;

a) ADVISE TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY;

*) ( );

*b) TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan);

*) .

*c) NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.3.2 ADS-B

) ADS-B;

a) ADVISE ADS-B CAPABILITY;

*) ADS-B ( );

*b) ADS-B TRANSMITTER (data link);

*) ADS-B ( );

*c) ADS-B RECEIVER (data link);

*) ADS-B .

*d) NEGATIVE ADS-B.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.3.3

) ();

a) FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code);

) ().

b) SQUAWK (code).

2.3.4

) [()] ();

a) RESET SQUAWK [(mode)] (code);

*) ()().

*b) RESETTING (mode) (code).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.3.5.

[ADS-B S].

REENTER [ADS-B or MODE S] AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION.

2.3.6. ,

) ();

a) CONFIRM SQUAWK (code);

*) ().

*b) SQUAWKING (code).

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

2.3.7 ""

) [()] [] ;

a) SQUAWK [(code)] [AND] IDENT;

) ;

b) SQUAWK LOW;

) ;

c) SQUAWK NORMAL;

) ADS-B.

d) TRANSMIT ADS-B IDENT.

2.3.8.

.

SQUAWK STANDBY.

2.3.9.

"" [ ---].

SQUAWK MAYDAY [CODE SEVEN-SEVEN-ZERO-ZERO].

2.3.10. / ADS-B

) "" [ ADS-B];

a) STOP SQUAWK [TRANSMIT ADS-B ONLY];

) ADS-B [ ()].

b) STOP ADS-B TRANSMISSION [SQUAWK (cod) ONLY].

S ADS-B (, , ADS-B 1090 ). , ADS-B.

2.3.11

) "";

a) SQUAWK CHARLIE;

) ADS-B.

b) TRANSMIT ADS-B ALTITUDE.

2.3.12

().

CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM (level).

2.3.13 -

) ( ), ;

a) STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE WRONGINDICATION;

) ADS-B [ ].

b) STOP ADS-B ALTITUDE TRANSMISSION [(WRONG INDICATION, or reason)].

2.3.14

().

CONFIRM (level).

3. ( - ADS-C)

3.1 ADS-C

3.1.1 ADS-C

ADS-C ( ADS-) ( ).

ADS-C (r ADS-CONTRACT) OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information as necessary).

4.

4.1

4.1.1.

( ) , QNH\QFE () ( ). [ ()].

(aircraft call sign) LOW ALTITUDE WARNING, CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY, QNH IS (number) (units). [THE MINIMUM FLIGHT ALTITUDE IS (altitude)].

4.1.2.

( ) ( ).

(aircraft call sign) TERRAIN ALERT, (suggested pilot action, if possible).

5. ,

5.1 ,

5.1.1

) [] ?

a) [ARE YOU] READY TO START UP?;

( /

)

*) (() ).

*b) STARTING NUMBER (engine number(s)).

, , , .

.

The ground crew should follow this exchange by either a reply on the intercom or a distinct visual signal to indicate that all is clear and that the startup as indicated may proceed. Unambiguous identification of the parties concerned is essential in any communications between ground crew and pilots.

* , .

* Denotes pilot transmission.

5.1.2

... ( /

) ?

a) ARE YOU READY FOR PUSHBACK?;

*) ;

*b) READY FOR PUSHBACK;

) ;

c) CONFIRM BRAKES RELEASED;

*) ;

*d) BRAKES RELEASED;

)

e) COMMENCING PUSHBACK;

) ;

f) PUSHBACK COMPLETED;

*) ;

*g) STOP PUSHBACK;

) ;

h) CONFIRM BRAKES SET;

*) ;

*i) BRAKES SET;

*) ;

*j) DISCONNECT;

) ( ).

k) DISCONNECTING STAND BY FOR VISUAL AT YOUR LEFT (or RIGHT).

, , .

This exchange is followed by a visual signal to the pilot to indicate that disconnect is completed and all is clear for taxiing.

* ,

* Denotes pilot transmission.


26 2012 . N 362 " " "


9 2013 .
N 28047


10


29 2013 . N 17


, 1 2021 ., 31 2020 . N 247-. , , (),


:


5 2018 . N 354

30 2018 .


10 2017 . N 182

10


9 2016 . N 343

10